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By HealthTrip Team Jun 28, 2022

Craniotomy: How Is the Surgery Performed?

Overview ‘Brain Surgery’, you may feel a little overwhelmed by just hearing the name itself. However, most brain surgeries are not as invasive as they sound, except for a few. A craniotomy is one such option, i.e., a little incisive as it requires an incision or cuts in your brain. This is mostly done to treat brain swelling more often. Here we have discussed the procedure and a few queries related to it in brief. Understanding the procedure—Craniotomy: A craniectomy is a surgical procedure that removes a portion of your skull to relieve pressure in that area when your brain swells. A craniectomy is generally performed after a traumatic brain injury. It is also used to treat diseases that cause swelling or bleeding in the brain. This operation is frequently used as an emergency life-saving intervention. Most often, the surgery is also called decompressive craniotomy surgery. Also, Read - 20 Things You Can Expect After Brain Surgery Why is this Craniotomy procedure necessary for you? The following are the most prevalent reasons that require decompressive craniectomy: Traumatic brain injury (TBI): A brain injury induced by physical force. It can happen after any incident that involves a hard hit to the head. Brain edema is frequently immediate after a TBI. Stroke: Some strokes might induce swelling in the brain. The increased blood pressure caused by this edema is a risk factor for additional strokes. When the brain expands and other pressure-reduction measures fail, doctors may consider a decompressive craniectomy. Also, Read - 10 Best Brain Tumor Surgery Hospitals in India How is the Craniotomy surgery performed? A craniectomy is frequently performed as an emergency operation when the skull must be opened quickly to avoid complications from swelling, such as after a catastrophic head injury or stroke. Your doctor will do a battery of tests to see if there is pressure or bleeding in your head before performing a craniectomy. To do a craniectomy, your surgeon will: Make a small incision on your scalp where the skull piece will be removed. The cut is typically made near the area of your skull that is swollen the most. Remove any skin or tissue over the portion of the skull to be removed. Create microscopic holes in your skull. Use a tiny saw to make tiny cuts between the perforations until the entire chunk of the skull can be removed. Store the piece of skull in a freezer or a small pouch on your body until it can be reinserted into your skull after you've healed. Perform any operations that are required to treat the swelling or bleeding in your skull. Once the swelling or bleeding has subsided, sew up the cut (incision) on your scalp. Also, Read - Brain Microsurgery Saves 15 Year Old from Vision Loss at ArtemisHow long does Craniotomy Surgery recovery take? Patients undergoing a decompressive craniectomy are already in critical condition as a result of a brain injury or stroke. As a result, the length of their recuperation is mostly determined by the injuries that necessitated surgery in the first place. The vast majority of people will spend time in the intensive care unit (ICU). Some people will be unconscious for several days or weeks after surgery. Some may be in a coma. It is critical to protect the brain from further damage after a craniectomy. This normally necessitates the user to wear a custom-fitted helmet for several weeks to months. A person may use a temporary brain implant to stabilize the brain and skull less frequently. This implant will be removed by a surgeon after recovery. Also, Read - Brain Tumour Symptoms - 7 Warning Signs You Should KnowHow can we help with the treatment? If you are in search of treatment for brain swelling in India, we will serve as your guide throughout your medical treatment and will be physically present with you even before it begins. The following will be provided to you: Opinions of expert physicians and surgeons Transparent communication Coordinated care Prior appointment with specialists Assistance with hospital formalities 24*7 availability Arrangements for travel Assistance for accommodation and healthy recovery Assistance in emergencies Our team is dedicated to offering the highest quality health trip and care to our patients. We have a team of highly qualified doctors and devoted health professionals that will be by your side from the beginning of your journey.

By HealthTrip Team Jun 28, 2022

IGRT: Procedure, Use-All You Need To Know

Overview Due to the variations in organ filling or movements, while breathing, normal structures and malignancies can migrate between treatments. IGRT is radiation therapy that is guided by imaging equipment such as CT, ultrasonography, or stereoscopic X-rays taken in the treatment room right before the radiation is administered. Here we’ve discussed this advanced imaging technology and its applications, especially in prostate cancer treatment, in brief. Why do you need IGRT? Image-guided radiation therapy (IGRT) is the practice of using imaging to guide the delivery of radiation therapy in order to increase the precision and accuracy of the treatment. IGRT is used to treat malignancies in moving parts of the body, such as the lungs. Radiation therapy devices include imaging technology that allows your doctor to see the tumor before and during treatment. Which kind of equipment is required for IGRT? Imaging equipment, such as a linear accelerator, is mounted on or built into the unit that administers radiation in IGRT. Imaging equipment may be installed in the medical treatment room as well. X-rays, computed tomography (CT), 3-D body surface mapping, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and ultrasound are among the imaging technologies employed in IGRT (US). IGRT is sometimes accomplished via a detector in the room that measures motion by localizing markers on a patient's surface, or by electromagnetic transponders inserted within the patient. Also, Read - Radiology: past, present and futureHow is the OGRT procedure performed? The patient is carefully positioned at the start of each radiation therapy session, guided by the marks on the skin indicating the treatment region. Devices may be utilized to assist the patient in maintaining the correct position. Then, images are taken using imaging equipment that is either installed in the treatment area or integrated into the radiation delivery unit. Patients may need to hold their breath for 30 to 60 seconds during some IGRT treatments. If IGRT requires fiducial markers or electromagnetic transponders to be implanted inside the body, these will be placed with a needle about a week before the simulation process. Depending on the type of IGRT employed, an x-ray, CT scan, or ultrasound will be obtained prior to therapy on each treatment day. To make position modifications, the physicians or radiation therapists evaluate the photos and compare them to the reference images produced during the simulation. The patient might be moved, and more imaging might be done. Each radiation therapy session is expected to last longer because of the lengthy image guidance process. How can we help with the treatment? If you are in search of radiology treatment in India, we will serve as your guide throughout your treatment and will be physically present with you even before it begins. The following will be provided to you: Opinions of expert physicians and surgeons Transparent communication Coordinated care Prior appointment with specialists Assistance with hospital formalities 24*7 availability Arrangements for travel Assistance for accommodation and healthy recovery Assistance in emergencies Our team is dedicated to offering the highest quality health trip and care to our patients. We have a team of highly qualified and devoted health professionals that will be by your side from the beginning of your journey.

By HealthTrip Team Jun 28, 2022

Knowing the Complications Associated with TOF Surgery

Overview Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is a cardiac condition characterized by the coexistence of four linked heart abnormalities. This is a congenital anomaly, i.e., you’re born with it. These cardiac structural anomalies allow oxygen-depleted blood to flow out of the heart and into the rest of the body. Because their blood does not carry enough oxygen, infants, and children with tetralogy of Fallot typically exhibit blue-tinged skin. This condition will cause some complications to your overall health too. Here we’ve discussed the same. Understanding the Condition-Tetralogy of Fallot: Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is a grouping of four congenital cardiac abnormalities that occur concurrently. The term "tetralogy" refers to the number four. Congenital indicates that they are present at birth. The four flaws are as follows: The pulmonary artery stenosis: This is the artery that transports blood from the heart to the lungs in order for it to pick up oxygen. Ventricular septal defect: This is a gap in the heart's wall that connects the two bottom chambers (right and left ventricles). Overriding aorta: The artery (aorta) that transports oxygen-rich blood to the body is transferred to the right side of the heart. It should be to the left. The aorta is positioned over the ventricular septal defect in this scenario. Right ventricle hypertrophy (enlargement): The right lower chamber (ventricle) of the heart is larger than usual. Also, Read - Pediatric Cardiology Surgery - Treating the Heart of Your Little OnesSymptoms associated with TOF(Tetralogy of Fallot): The symptoms of the Tetralogy of Fallot vary based on the quantity of blood flow that is obstructed. Among the signs and symptoms are: A bluish skin tint is produced by insufficient blood oxygen levels (cyanosis). Breathing difficulties and fast breathing, particularly while eating or exercising, Inadequate weight loss Tired easily while playing or exercising Irritability Murmur in the heart Fainting The nail bed of the fingers and toes has an irregular, rounded shape (clubbing) Also, Read - Know The Reasons For Valvular Heart DiseaseWhen should you seek medical help? Seek medical attention if your baby exhibits any of the following signs or symptoms: Breathing difficulties Skin discoloration that is bluish Seizures or passing out Weakness Irritability that is unusual If the skin of your infant turns blue (cyanotic), turn him or her on his or her side and draw his or her knees up to his or her chest. This improves blood flow to the lungs. Possible complications after TOF surgery: Although surgery for the tetralogy of Fallot is very efficient in treating structural flaws and blood flow through the heart, it can result in some persistent problems in the heart's function. If these complications arise, they can be managed with additional surgery. Many adults who have their tetralogy of Fallot repaired do not require any further surgical therapy. The following are some of the risks connected with surgical surgery for tetralogy of Fallot: Electrical disruptions: Placing a patch on the ventricular septal defect can prevent the atria from transmitting electrical signals to the ventricles. A pacemaker can help to fix this. Rhythm abnormalities (arrhythmias): A common complication after cardiac surgery is atrial fibrillation, which occurs when the heart's upper chambers contract irregularly and frequently too quickly. Medication or non-surgical treatment can be used to address this condition. Ventricular tachycardia is a less common but more dangerous arrhythmia. This is a dangerously fast heartbeat in the lower heart chambers. If an individual is at risk for this after surgery, the congenital heart disease specialist will determine it. Blood can only flow one way through a heart valve because of their design. Blood can flow back into the chamber if a valve leaks. Patients with tetralogy of Fallot are also at risk of developing ascending aortic aneurysms. A leaking pulmonary valve is the most prevalent valve issue after the tetralogy of Fallot repair. Leaking valves: Heart valves are meant to enable blood to flow in just one direction. When a valve fails, blood might spill back into the chamber. Patients with tetralogy of Fallot are also at risk for ascending aortic aneurysms. The most common valve problem after tetralogy of Fallot repair is a leaking pulmonary valve, but the aortic and tricuspid heart valves can also leak. Leaky valves are typically repaired surgically, but innovative methods of implanting valves without surgery are also being investigated. Residual ventricular septal defect: When the ventricular septal defect does not seal fully, there remains residual leakage surrounding the patch. If the leak is significant or is causing severe symptoms, it can be corrected surgically. How can we help with the treatment? If you are in search of treatment for cardiac anomalies in India, we will serve as your guide throughout your medical treatment in India and will be physically present with you even before it begins. The following will be provided to you: Opinions of expert physicians and surgeons Transparent communication Coordinated care Prior appointment with specialists Assistance with hospital formalities 24*7 availability Arrangements for travel Assistance for accommodation and healthy recovery Assistance in emergencies Our team is dedicated to offering the highest quality health trip and care to our patients. We have a team of highly qualified and devoted health professionals that will be by your side from the beginning of your journey.