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Dr Ruquaya Mir
Dr Ruquaya Mir

Consultant - Surgical Oncology

CONSULTS AT

Indraprastha Apollo Hospital

EXPEREIENCE :
20+ years
SURGERIES :
10000+

Treatment Starting at $450

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Treatment Starting at $450

Dr Ruquaya Mir
Dr Ruquaya Mir

Consultant - Surgical Oncology

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Indraprastha Apollo Hospital

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Dr Jalaj Baxi
Dr Jalaj Baxi

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CONSULTS AT

Fortis Hospital, Noida

EXPEREIENCE :
24 years
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10000+

Treatment Price on request

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Treatment Price on request

Dr Jalaj Baxi
Dr Jalaj Baxi

Senior Consultant - Medical Oncology | Surgical Oncology

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Fortis Hospital, Noida

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Dr Arun Kumar Goel
Dr Arun Kumar Goel

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Max Vaishali

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33 years
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Dr Arun Kumar Goel
Dr Arun Kumar Goel

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Max Vaishali

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Dr Pawan Gupta
Dr Pawan Gupta

Director - Oncology

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Max Vaishali

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23 years
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Treatment Starting at $400

Dr Pawan Gupta
Dr Pawan Gupta

Director - Oncology

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Max Vaishali

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Dr Harit Chaturvedi
Dr Harit Chaturvedi

Chairman - Cancer Care

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Max Healthcare Saket

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25 years
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NA

Treatment Starting at $3,500

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Treatment Starting at $3,500

Dr Harit Chaturvedi
Dr Harit Chaturvedi

Chairman - Cancer Care

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Max Healthcare Saket

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Dr Nitin Leekha
Dr Nitin Leekha

Associate Director - Surgical Oncology

CONSULTS AT

Jaypee Hospital

EXPEREIENCE :
12 years
SURGERIES :
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Treatment Starting at $450

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Dr Nitin Leekha
Dr Nitin Leekha

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Jaypee Hospital

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Introduction:

Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT) is a sophisticated and highly precise radiotherapy technique used in the treatment of cancer. It allows radiation oncologists to deliver high doses of radiation to cancerous cells while minimizing exposure to surrounding healthy tissues. IMRT is particularly effective for treating tumors located near critical organs or structures, reducing the risk of side effects and improving treatment outcomes. This article explores the principles, symptoms, causes, treatment, benefits, cost in India, and the significance of IMRT in the fight against cancer.

Principles of Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy: IMRT uses advanced computer software to control the intensity and direction of multiple radiation beams, enabling personalized treatment plans for each patient. The primary goal of IMRT is to precisely shape the radiation dose to match the tumor's contours while sparing nearby normal tissues. This is achieved through the modulation of radiation intensity, allowing higher doses to be delivered to the tumor and lower doses to be delivered to healthy tissues.

Symptoms and Causes of Cancer:

Cancer is a complex and diverse group of diseases characterized by the uncontrolled growth and division of abnormal cells. Common symptoms of cancer may include:

  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Persistent pain in specific areas
  • Changes in the skin, such as dark spots or changes in moles
  • Persistent cough or hoarseness
  • Changes in bowel or bladder habits
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Abnormal bleeding or discharge

The exact causes of cancer can vary, and it often results from a combination of genetic, environmental, and lifestyle factors. Genetic mutations, exposure to carcinogens (e.g., tobacco, radiation, certain chemicals), family history, and immune system dysfunction are among the known risk factors for cancer development.

Treatment:

Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT): IMRT is a highly sophisticated form of external beam radiation therapy that uses advanced technology to precisely target and shape the radiation beams. The treatment process involves the following steps:

  • Simulation and Treatment Planning: Before the actual treatment, the patient undergoes a simulation session, during which imaging scans (CT, MRI, or PET) are used to precisely map the tumor and surrounding structures. Highly specialized software is then used to develop a personalized treatment plan.
  • Radiation Delivery: During the treatment, the patient lies on a treatment table, and a linear accelerator delivers radiation beams at various angles to the tumor. The intensity and direction of the beams are precisely controlled to maximize the dose to the tumor while minimizing exposure to healthy tissues.
  • Fractionation: IMRT is typically administered in multiple sessions, known as fractions, over several weeks. Fractionation allows for a gradual and controlled delivery of radiation, reducing the risk of side effects and enabling healthy tissues to repair between treatments.

Benefits of Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT):

IMRT offers several significant benefits compared to conventional radiation therapy techniques:

  • Precise Targeting: IMRT's ability to shape and modulate radiation beams allows for precise targeting of tumors, minimizing damage to surrounding healthy tissues and critical organs.
  • Higher Doses to Tumors: IMRT enables the delivery of higher radiation doses to cancerous cells, improving treatment effectiveness and tumor control.
  • Fewer Side Effects: By sparing healthy tissues, IMRT reduces the risk of side effects typically associated with radiation therapy, such as skin irritation, bowel problems, and urinary complications.
  • Treatment of Complex Tumors: IMRT is particularly beneficial for treating tumors located near critical structures, such as the brain, spinal cord, head and neck region, and prostate.
  • Increased Treatment Efficacy: The precision of IMRT leads to better treatment outcomes, increased chances of local tumor control, and enhanced overall survival rates.

Cost of Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT) in India:

The cost of IMRT in India can vary depending on several factors, including the type and location of the cancer, the number of treatment sessions required, and the healthcare facility's reputation and location. On average, the cost of IMRT in India ranges from ?1,00,000 to ?3,00,000 per course of treatment.

Conclusion:

Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT) is a cutting-edge radiation therapy technique that revolutionized cancer treatment. By precisely targeting tumors and minimizing exposure to healthy tissues, IMRT offers numerous benefits, including improved treatment outcomes, reduced side effects, and enhanced overall quality of life for cancer patients. As technology continues to advance, IMRT is becoming more accessible and increasingly integrated into cancer treatment protocols. In India, where healthcare costs can be a concern for some patients, the availability of IMRT at varying price points in different regions makes this advanced treatment option more widely accessible to those in need. Overall, IMRT continues to play a pivotal role in the fight against cancer, providing hope and improved outcomes for patients and their families.

How It Works

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FAQs

Intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) is a type of radiation therapy that uses computer-controlled beams of radiation to deliver a precise dose of radiation to a tumor while minimizing the dose to surrounding healthy tissue.
IMRT uses a linear accelerator (LINAC) to deliver radiation beams to the tumor. The LINAC is a machine that produces beams of high-energy radiation. The beams are then shaped and modulated (adjusted) to conform to the shape of the tumor. This allows the radiation to be delivered more precisely to the tumor, while minimizing the dose to surrounding healthy tissue.
IMRT has several benefits over traditional radiation therapy, including: The ability to deliver a higher dose of radiation to the tumor while minimizing the dose to surrounding healthy tissue. The ability to treat tumors that are located in close proximity to critical structures, such as the brain, spinal cord, or heart. The ability to reduce the risk of side effects, such as nausea, vomiting, and fatigue.
The risks of IMRT are similar to the risks of traditional radiation therapy, and include: Fatigue Skin reactions Nausea and vomiting Incontinence Leukemia
IMRT is a good option for people with tumors that are located in close proximity to critical structures, or for people who need to receive a high dose of radiation to the tumor. IMRT may also be a good option for people who have experienced side effects from traditional radiation therapy.
The preparation for IMRT may include: A CT scan or MRI scan of the tumor A meeting with the radiation oncologist to discuss the treatment plan A simulation procedure, in which the radiation oncologist will mark the skin where the beams will be delivered
IMRT is typically delivered over several weeks. Each treatment session takes about 30 minutes. During the treatment session, you will lie on a table while the LINAC delivers the radiation beams. You may be given a mild sedative to help you relax.

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