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What is biliary cirrhosis, its symptoms and probable causes?
Bile duct is basically a tube that passes in and out of the liver and it plays an essential role in digestion. And bile is basically a fluid that is produced in the liver; it helps in absorption of vitamins and digestion of fats. This also helps in other functions such as it helps the body to get rid of the cholesterol, worn out red blood cells, toxins etc. Any damage to the bile duct can cause liver diseases, scar tissues or liver failure at worst. Primary biliary cholangitis on the other hand is a chronic disease that causes damage to the bile ducts and is also widely known as biliary cirrhosis. Biliary cirrhosis slowly destroys the bile duct and the liver, if left untreated or ignored. In some cases the chronic inflammation in the liver also damages the bile duct which is usually caused due to irreversibles scarring of the liver tissue is also known as cirrhosis that ultimately leads to liver failure. This kind of chronic liver disease can affect both men and women. But according to various studies, it is found that it affects more women as compared to men. Further, several researchers suggest that such a kind of disease is usually caused due to genetic and environmental factors that cause autoimmune disease that attack the healthy cells and tissues of the liver. It usually occurs slowly therefore initially there are no signs of liver damage or symptoms Symptoms: Initially, there are no warning signs or symptoms of biliary cirrhosis. But as disease advances and reaches its later stages it shows several symptoms that are quite noticeable and cannot be ignored. Some of the common symptoms and signs of biliary cirrhosis may be: Itchy skinFatigueExcruciating pain in the abdominal areaSwelling in spleenMuscle and joint painDryness in eyes and mouthSudden weight lossBuild up of fluid in the abdomenHypothyroidismHigh blood sugarHigh cholesterol levelWeakness in the bones that leads to fractureSwollen ankles and feetFatty deposits on the skin especially around the eyes, eyelids, palms, elbow and kneesSkin darkening or hyper pigmentationDiarrhea Some probable causes: The primary cause of biliary cirrhosis is unknown but according to several experts autoimmune disease plays a huge role in this disease. As mentioned earlier, environmental and genetic factors trigger an autoimmune response that may cause biliary cirrhosis. Further, other conditions such as inflammation of the liver is also responsible for this disease. The inflammation causes scarring of the liver that spreads to the Bile duct and damages it which eventually leads to liver failure. Also according to research certain types of white blood cells or T lymphocytes get accumulated in the liver that destroys the healthy cells mistakenly. The primary function of T- Lymphocytes is to fight against germs, bacteria and viruses but in such cases it destroys the healthy cells of the body by mistake. How can we help with the treatment? If you are looking for Internal medicine and gastroenterology treatment in India then be assured as our team will assist you and guide you through the entire process of your medical treatment. The following will be provided to you: Expert gastroenterologist, general surgeon, physician and doctors Transparent communicationCoordinated assistance at all timesPrior appointments with specialists and follow up queriesAssistance with medical tests Assistance in follow up queriesAssistance with hospital formalities24*7 availabilityAssistance with therapiesRehabilitationTravel arrangements Assistance for accommodation and healthy recoveryAssistance in emergenciesOur team offers you the best quality health trips and after care for our patients. Further, we have a team of dedicated health personnel who are available and ready to assist you throughout your medical journey.
Knee Replacement Surgery: A Permanent Solution For Your Chronic Knee Pain
Overview Is it hurting when you go for a walk or while getting out of a chair? Are you concerned about your knee pain and have tried all of your options at home? Even after trying medicines, home remedies, or physical therapies, nothing seems to be effective. Then you should consult your doctor as soon as possible. Your orthopedic surgeon might recommend Knee replacement surgery for you. This will help you to live a quality life and ease out your daily activities. Whether you want to explore the treatment options with your doctor or are planning to undergo knee replacement surgery in India, understanding a few facts will be helpful for you. In this blog, we will discuss the same with an eminent knee replacement specialist in India. What is knee replacement surgery? Knee replacement surgery or knee arthroplasty can help to reduce pain, and discomfort and restore function in severely damaged knee joints. In this procedure, your surgeon will remove the damaged bone and cartilage from your thigh bone, shinbone, and kneecap and substitute it with an artificial joint (prosthesis) consisting of metal alloys, and high-grade resins, and polymers. Also, read - Arthritis in Knee (Osteoarthritis) Treatment, Diagnosis, RecoveryTypes of knee replacement available in India- Your doctor can choose from a variety of knee replacement prostheses and surgical approaches based on your age, knee size, activity level, the extent of damage that has happened, and the overall health of the patient. Total knee replacement- Both sides of the knee joint are replaced during surgery. It's the most usual method. The patient will have less pain, discomfort, and more mobility, but scar tissue will develop, making it harder to flex and bend the knees. Partial knee replacement- Only one side of the knee joint is replaced with partial replacement. The incision is smaller since less bone is removed, but it does not last as long as a total knee replacement. There is less blood loss, and the chances of developing an infection and blood clot formation are reduced. Also, read - Hip Resurfacing Vs Hip Replacement: Which One Is Best For Your Knee?Why do you need to undergo knee replacement surgery? Following are the reasons that require knee replacement surgery as a treatment option. If you are suffering from- Unbearable knee pain and joint stiffness Knee deformity like knock knee or bowing out of the knee Chronic(long-standing) knee swelling or knee joint inflammation If the knee pain does not improve with medicines and rest The patient has a history of osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or post-traumatic arthritis. Also, read - 6 Best Knee Replacement Hospitals in IndiaHow is knee replacement surgery performed? You will be under the effect of general anesthesia during the procedure- At first, an 8-10 inches long cut is placed over your knee. Cut the ends of your thigh and shin (lower leg) bones to fit the replacement portion after moving your kneecap (patella) out of the way. Your surgeon will prepare the underside of your kneecap for the new pieces. Attach the two halves of the prosthesis to your bones. The end of your thigh bone will be joined to one part, while the other will be attached to your shin bone. Bone cement or screws might be used to join the parts. Close the surgical wound and repair your muscles and tendons around the new joint. What can you expect after the procedure? For one to two hours, you'll be brought to a recovery room. The length of your stay after surgery is determined by your specific needs. Many people can return on the very same day. Pain should be managed with the help of medications prescribed by your doctor. You'll be encouraged to exercise your foot and ankle, which helps avoid swelling and blood clots by increasing blood flow to your leg muscles. To further protect against swelling and clotting, you'll probably be given blood thinners and asked to wear compression boots. What are the benefits of undergoing such a procedure? In the majority of cases, patients have relief from knee discomfort, greater walking abilities, and a higher quality of life following knee replacement surgery. The patient is able to resume all normal everyday activities 1 to 2 months after surgery. After a month, the patient is safe to drive. After the patient has fully recovered, he or she is permitted to engage in low-impact activities such as swimming, walking, biking, or golfing. However, the doctor advises against engaging in rigorous activities such as jogging, weight lifting, running, and other similar activities. Why should you consider getting a knee replacement in India? For the following reasons, India is the most popular destination for orthopedic surgery treatment. India's cutting-edge technology, medical expertise, Affordable treatment cost Success rate Post-surgical follow-ups Our patients need high-quality and cost-effective health care that we can provide effectively in comparison to other countries around the globe.How can we help you out with the treatment? If you are in need to get knee replacement surgery in India, we act as your guide throughout your treatment journey and will be present physically with you even before your treatment is started. We will provide you with the following: Expert physicians and surgeon’s opinions Transparent communication Coordinated care Prior appointment with specialists Assistance in hospital formalities 24*7 availability Arrangement for travel Assistance for accommodation and healthy recovery Assistance in emergenciesWe are committed to providing the best health care services to our patients. We have a team of trained and highly dedicated health experts who will be there by your side right from the beginning of your journey.
ICSI Treatment: A Solution For Your Infertility Issues
Overview The most fulfilling step in a couple's life is becoming parents. However, some couples are having difficulty having a baby and are missing out on this wonderful life change known as pregnancy. This problem happens due to infertility issues in both or any one of the partners. We offer a variety of techniques to help with infertility, one of which is called intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). If you have pregnancy issues and plan to undergo ICSI, here are all the details you need to know about the procedure. We have discussed the same with our eminent ICSI specialist in India. Keep scrolling to know more. What is ICSI? The head of the sperm must penetrate the egg wall and sperm must swim into the cytoplasm of the mature egg for effective fertilization of a man's sperm and a woman's egg. If the egg wall is too thick to penetrate or the sperm are unable to swim in the cytoplasm of the egg due to motility difficulties, intracytoplasmic sperm cell injection(ICSI) may be the only option. Also, read - IVF Pregnancy Guide for Aspiring Mommies Why do you need to undergo an ICSI procedure? If the male partner is facing reproduction problems, such as male infertility, Semen of poor quality Low sperm count, also known as oligospermia, is a condition in which the number of sperm produced is insufficient. Asthenozoospermia is a condition in which sperm motility is reduced. Previous failures of IVF procedures. Teratozoospermia refers to sperm that are abnormally formed. Infertility due to unknown reason In most IVF situations, ICSI is performed in conjunction with IVF treatment to boost the odds of successful fertilization and pregnancy. ICSI is sometimes used in reversal vasectomy instances to ensure that fertilization can occur without difficulties, as there is a risk of sperm destruction due to antibodies created by the male partner's body after the surgery. Also, read - IVF Cost in Bangalore What are the conditions treated by ICSI? Following are the conditions that require ICSI treatment To make the frozen sperms active in the situation of retrograde ejaculation, i.e. if sperms are coming out in a different method than typical (via testicular extraction or through urine). The ICSI method can overcome the hardening of eggshells in the case of frozen oocytes. IVF is paired with ICSI if there is no previous history of fertilized eggs despite the male partner's normal sperm count. Also, read - IVF Treatment Journey Guide How the procedure is performed? The intracytoplasmic sperm injection method is primarily technique-dependent and can be performed under the guidance of your fertility doctor. In the first phase, semen is collected from the male partner via natural ejaculation or through surgical removal by fertility specialists. After retrieving the sperm, they must be stored in the fertility lab in a frozen state. Meanwhile, mature eggs are extracted from the female partner during her ovulation cycle using an ultrasonic probe and a fine needle. Although the surgery will not be painful, you may experience some vaginal bleeding or bruising in the area. Following the collection of sperm, the sperms are promptly extracted, cleaned, and the seminal fluid debris is removed. Sperms are injected into the cytoplasm of developed eggs via a hollow tube. Fertilization and embryo formation will take about 24 hours. The need for mature sperm to swim is eliminated because they are immediately injected into the cytoplasm of mature eggs. Your fertility specialists will keep an eye on the progress of the fertilized embryo in the lab, as well as the embryo's growth and development. This is a critical phase in the process since only the healthiest embryo should be implanted into the uterus. If there are any extra healthy embryos in the freezer, you can tell your fertility specialists to save them for future IVF cycles( if the ongoing treatment fails) Healthy embryos can be transported into the uterus using an ultrasonic probe-guided catheter after 2-5 days of fertilization. You can take a pregnancy test after two weeks to see if the procedure is working or not. Also, read - IVF Treatment in Bangkok How much time will it take to complete such a procedure? As per the ICSI doctor in India, the embryo implantation will take almost 30 mins to 1 hour. What is the success rate of ICSI in India? Fertilization will be successful in 80 per cent to 85 per cent of cases, implying that 8 out of 10 cases will be fertile. The fertilization rate is extraordinary when ICSI is combined with IVF, but the outcome is predicted to be identical in both scenarios. Also, read - IVF in Singapore: FAQ, Cost All You Need To Know About The Procedure Why should you consider getting ICSI treatment in India? India is the most favoured place for fertility treatment operations for a few major reasons. And if you are searching for the best ICSI hospital in India, we will help you out to find the same. India's cutting-edge reproductive techniques, medical skills, and ICSI treatment costs in India are among the best in the world, as our patients need affordable and quality outcomes. All these have significantly increased the success rate of ICSI treatment in India. How can we help in the treatment? If you are in search of an IVF hospital in India, we will serve as your guide throughout your treatment in India, and will be physically present with you even before your treatment begins. The following will be provided to you: Opinions of expert physicians and surgeons Transparent communication Coordinated care Prior appointment with specialists Assistance in hospital formalities 24*7 availability Arrangement for travel Assistance for accommodation and healthy recovery Assistance in emergencies We are dedicated to offering the highest quality health care to our patients. We have a team of highly qualified and devoted health professionals that will be by your side from the beginning of your journey. Conclusion-By simply packing their medical journey to India, infertility treatment can substantially benefit the patient with their orthopedic-related therapies. We also offer a comprehensive range of counselling for coping with emotional changes to our international patients.