By Hospals Team Apr 12, 2022

Ankle Repair Surgery- Which One Is Best For You?

OverviewIf you are suffering from severe pain, sprain, or injuries in the ankle, that is not getting relieved by medicines or physiotherapy, your doctor may recommend surgery for ankle repair. This can fix the ankle instability and reduce the pain and discomfort associated with it. Before considering such a procedure for your ankle injury, you should know some facts about the same. Continue reading to know more. Here we have discussed all your queries with our experienced ankle repair surgeon in India. Why do you need surgery for ankle repair?Though most of the ankle issues can be resolved with medicines, physiotherapy along home remedies. However, surgery is necessary if the pain and discomfort have not been reduced. If the injury is causing disruption in your daily activities, you may need surgery. Based on your age, overall health, condition of the affected area, the severity of the injury, your doctor will recommend the best possible ankle repair surgery for you.Various types of ankle surgery can treat a different condition which includes-Ankle arthritisAnkle deformityFractured ankleChronic ankle instabilitySprain in ankleInflammation of tendon in the ankle(tendonitis) How ankle repair surgery is done?You'll either receive a general anesthetic, which will put you to sleep, or a nerve block, which will allow you to remain awake during the procedure. Both of these methods keep you pain-free.A cut will be made in the front and sides of your ankle, and the damaged bone and cartilage will be removed.After that, your doctor will make some necessary corrections based on the deformity or the ankle issue you have. Any kind of ankle repair surgery will take almost 2 and a half hours. What are the different types of ankle repair surgery performed in India?Ankle repair surgeries can vary based on the ankle problem a patient has. This can range from minimally invasive(ankle arthroscopy) to open ankle replacement procedure as well.As per an ankle repair specialist in India, the following are the surgeries commonly performed in India.Ankle arthroscopy- Ankle arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgery in which small incisions are made in the ankle region. If you have an ankle injury or arthritis, this surgery is usually advised.Ankle replacement surgery-Ankle replacement surgery consists of removing the injured ankle joint and replacing it with a metal or plastic artificial joint. Your surgeon may use metal screws to help stabilize the artificial ankle joint in some cases.Ankle fracture surgery- your surgeon will place tiny metal wire, plates, and screws to stabilize the broken bone. This will fasten the healing process.Lateral ligament reconstruction surgery in the ankle- this is performed to correct ankle deformity and instability. The surgeon will make a small incision outside of your ankle during the surgery to tighten any loose or weakening ligaments that may be causing ankle instability.Ankle fusion surgery- this involves removal of the damaged area and fusing the healthy part of bone permanently. Benefits of ankle repair surgery-After having the ankle repair surgery, you will be Able to move without any restrictionBetter functionRelieve pain and discomfortBetter mobility How long does it take to recover from ankle repair surgery?As suggested by our ankle repair doctor in India, the recovery duration may vary based on multiple factors. Full recovery might take anywhere from three to four months, depending on the type of ankle surgery. Complete healing from complex operations for serious ankle injuries can take up to a year.However, you should speak with your doctor about how soon you can resume normal activities such as walking.You may also undergo rehabilitation therapy (if you need any) followed by surgery.Your doctor will decide the duration of the rehab period. Long term impacts on your ankle after surgery-Patients may usually walk normally twelve weeks after surgery, and they can also resume high-impact sports activities.Many patients can wear heels, but they should be informed that wearing high heels for lengthy periods of time can cause foot damage.Why should you consider getting ankle repair surgery in India?For the following reasons, India is the most popular destination for orthopedic surgery treatment.India's cutting-edge technology, medical expertise, Affordable treatment costSuccess ratePost-surgical follow-upspost-surgery rehabilitation(if necessary) Our patients need high-quality and cost-effective health care that we can provide effectively in comparison to other countries around the globe. How can we help you out with ankle repair surgery in India?If you are in search of ankle repair surgery hospitals in India, we will guide you throughout your treatment journey and will be present physically with you even before your treatment is started. We will provide you with the following: Expert physicians and surgeon’s opinionsTransparent communicationCoordinated carePrior appointment with specialistsAssistance in hospital formalities24*7 availabilityArrangement for travelAssistance for accommodation and healthy recoveryAssistance in emergenciesWe are committed to providing the best health care services to our patients. We have a team of trained and highly dedicated health experts who will be there by your side right from the beginning of your journey.

By Hospals Team Apr 12, 2022

All You Need to Know Before Your IVF Treatment Journey

OverviewIn today's society, in-vitro fertilization is a well-known term. Previously, this was referred to as a "test-tube baby." In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a time-consuming, expensive, and sophisticated procedure that permits infertile couples to become parents. Infertility has now cast a shadow over almost 20% of the population who desire to start a family. For all those who have tried and failed to conceive, IVF is a blessing in disguise. Before undergoing such a procedure, if you have queries, then you are on the right page. We will discuss the same with one of the best fertility treatment specialists in India. Continue reading to know more. What is IVF treatment?In-Vitro Fertilization is a fertility treatment procedure that involves fertilizing an egg outside the body, in a laboratory dish, and then implanted in a person's uterus.The most frequent and effective type of assisted reproductive technology (ART) is in vitro fertilization (IVF) With IVF, there's also a larger risk of multiple births. When should you choose IVF as an infertility treatment option?If you have visited your gynecologist multiple times and he/she has tried all the available treatment options If you have taken fertility medicines And have tried artificial insemination and other surgical procedures, and still not getting any results. Then your doctor may recommend you such an option. Understand the step by step IVF procedure:At first, the female partner will be given hormone injection therapy, allowing her to generate many eggs every month rather than just one. After reviewing the findings of your test, your fertility specialist will recommend egg retrieval.You'll also be given medicines to help the eggs mature, which marks the start of ovulation.The eggs will be collected when they are about to emerge from the ovaries' mature follicles.The embryo will not develop normally if the egg retrieval is done too early or too late. Various tests will be recommended by your fertility doctor to check whether the eggs are at the right stage of development or not.The male partner's or donor's sperm are fused with the eggs in the lab after the egg retrieval.Your doctor will use a thin catheter-like flexible tube placed through your vaginal or cervix to transfer mature embryos into the lining of your uterus.To increase your chances of conceiving. At least three embryos should be implanted at the same time, according to your IVF doctor. Implanting more than three embryos, on the other hand, is not recommended because it may jeopardize your health and that of your baby too. How long will it take to complete this treatment?As per our fertility treatment doctor in India, the embryo implantation procedure will take 30 to 60 minutes.During this in vitro fertilization treatment, you will be given moderate sedation or general anesthesia to ensure that you do not feel any pain during the implantation. Is it different from normal pregnancy?Our panel of fertility treatment specialists in India, suggests that it will be treated as a normal or regular pregnancy after the 6th or 7th week of IVF pregnancy. After the successful embryo transfer, your doctor will monitor your IVF pregnancy symptoms and the progress of your pregnancy week by week. In comparison to a regular visit, you must attend those frequent visits to the IVF office for the first ten weeks after the appearance of IVF pregnancy symptoms. When the IVF baby will be delivered?Due dates are usually determined using the embryo transfer date. Typically, your fertility specialist will monitor your pregnancy for a period of time to check that the fetus is developing normally. Is getting an IVF pregnancy is safe or not?Under the supervision of professional and experienced medical and non-medical personnel, IVF pregnancy is safe. So, before you consider IVF as a treatment option, be sure the clinic or hospital where you'll be getting your IVF is accredited. Any fertility treatment requires a high level of safety and quality assurance. Here we will help you to avail yourself of the treatment from the best infertility hospital in India. Why should you consider getting IVF treatment in India?India is the most favored place for fertility treatment operations for a few major reasons. And if you are searching for the best infertility hospital in India, we will help you out to find the same. India's cutting-edge reproductive techniques,medical skills, and fertility treatment costs in India are among the best in the world, as our patients need affordable and quality outcomes. All these have significantly increased the success rate of infertility treatment in India. Conclusion-By simply packing their medical journey to India, infertility treatment can substantially benefit the patient. We also offer a comprehensive range of counseling for coping with emotional changes to our international patients. How can we help in the treatment?If you are in search of an infertility hospital in India, we will serve as your guide throughout your treatment and will be physically present with you even before your treatment begins. The following will be provided to you: Opinions of expert physicians and surgeonsTransparent communicationCoordinated carePrior appointment with specialistsAssistance in hospital formalities24*7 availabilityArrangement for travelAssistance for accommodation and healthy recoveryAssistance in emergencies We are dedicated to offering the highest quality health care to our patients. We have a team of highly qualified and devoted health professionals that will be by your side from the beginning of your journey.

By Hospals Team Apr 12, 2022

ACL Reconstruction For Ligament Tear: When Do You Need It?

OverviewIf you have been into sports like football,volleyball, basketball, or soccer, then you might have heard the term ‘ACL injury. Or if you are someone who wants to get back to sports focussed lifestyle after an ‘ACL tear’, then your surgeon may recommend you to have ACL reconstruction surgery. Before undergoing such a procedure, you need to know a few facts about the surgery. This will help you to make an informed decision with your doctor. In this blog, we have discussed the same with our experienced ACL reconstruction surgery specialist in India. What is an ACL injury? Does it require surgery?ACL injuries are the most common knee injuries for sports that involve sudden stops and changes in the direction. ACL(Anterior Cruciate Ligament) is a band of tissue joining the thigh bone(femur) and shin bone(tibia) at the knee joint. It runs diagonally through the inside of the knee, providing stability to the knee joint.The ACL reconstruction surgery will help to resume your daily activities without any restriction. Even you can get back to the field as well. What is ACL reconstruction?This is a surgical procedure that involves the removal of the torn ligament and is replaced with a strip of tissue that usually connects muscle to the bone (tendon). The graft tendon comes from a different area of your knees such as the patellar tendon or hamstring or from a deceased donor. Why do you need to undergo such a procedure?As per the best ACL reconstruction surgery doctor in India, if your lower leg extends too far forward, your ACL can be torn. If your knee and lower leg are twisted, it might potentially tear.An ACL injury can be caused by a variety of factors, including:landing awkwardly after a jumpabruptly haltingabruptly altering directioncolliding with another person, such as during a football tackleYour knee may become exceedingly unstable and lose its full range of motion if the ACL is torn.It may be difficult to accomplish some movements, such as turning on the spot, as a result of this. You might face difficulty participating in some sports after an ACL injury. How ACL reconstruction surgery is performed?ACL reconstruction is performed with arthroscopic surgery.Your doctor will make small cuts around your knee and implant tiny tools and a camera. This approach leaves the skin less scarred than open-knee surgery.It takes around an hour to complete the operation. You can get general anesthesia, which will put you to sleep during the procedure, or regional anesthesia, which involves your doctor injecting medicines into your back so that you won't feel anything in your legs for a few hours. If you're having a regional anesthetic, you'll almost certainly be given medication to help you relax during the process.To correctly position the graft, your surgeon will drill sockets or tunnels into your thighbone and shinbone, which will subsequently be tied to your bones with screws or other devices. The graft will act as a framework for the growth of new ligament tissue. What can you expect after surgery?You can go home on the very same day after you recover from anesthesia. Your surgeon will advise you to walk with crutches before returning home. This is to avoid any extra pressure off from your knee joint.Your surgeon may ask you to wear a knee brace or splint to safeguard the graft.Follow your surgeon's instructions for when to put ice on your knee, how long to use crutches, and when it's safe to put weight on it. Your medical personnel will guide you when to shower or bathe, when to change the wound dressings, and how to take care of your knees after surgery. How long will be the recovery period after ACL reconstruction surgery?After an ACL reconstruction, a patient can return to sports usually after six to nine months of surgery.The level of pain associated with ACL healing varies, although it can be effectively managed with OTC(over-the-counter) medicines and pain relievers. The amount of time it takes for a patient to recover varies as well. The restoration of muscular strength, range of motion, and proprioception of the knee joint are used to determine when a patient has fully recovered. Benefits of ACL reconstruction surgery-In a January 2022 study in The American Journal of Sports Medicine, a patient can expect a 70% return to sports activities within seven years of ACL reconstruction surgery.This will help in-more comfortable movement.To prevent any kind of instability due to recent injuries. Why should you consider getting ACL reconstruction surgery in India?For the following reasons, India is the most popular destination for orthopedic surgery treatment.India's cutting-edge technology, medical expertise, Affordable treatment costSuccess ratePost-surgical follow-upspost-surgery rehabilitation(if necessary) Our patients need high-quality and cost-effective health care that we can provide effectively in comparison to other countries around the globe. How can we help you out with the treatment?If you are in search of ACL reconstruction surgery hospitals in India, we will guide you throughout your treatment journey and will be present physically with you even before your treatment is started. We will provide you with the following: Expert physicians and surgeon’s opinionsTransparent communicationCoordinated carePrior appointment with specialistsAssistance in hospital formalities24*7 availabilityArrangement for travelAssistance for accommodation and healthy recoveryAssistance in emergenciesWe are committed to providing the best health care services to our patients. We have a team of trained and highly dedicated health experts who will be there by your side right from the beginning of your journey.

By Hospals Team Apr 12, 2022

7 Questions To Ask Your Doctor Before Back Surgery

OverviewAre you suffering from chronic back pain i.e not getting relieved by medications or physiotherapy? Then your orthopedic surgeon may suggest spine surgery for you. And we all know that having spine surgery is an important decision. And before undergoing such a procedure, you should clear all your doubts regarding spine surgery. So that you can take an informed decision. In this blog, we are going to discuss the same with an experienced spine surgery specialist in India. What are the different options available for spine surgeries in India?There are multiple options available for treating spine issues. Your doctor may recommend the best possible option for spine surgery based on your age, overall health condition, and the severity of spinal issues. Following are the common spine surgical procedures performed in India.Anterior cervical discectomy—the degenerative disc is removed to relieve pressure on the compressed nerve root in this technique. This alleviates the discomfort.Microdiscectomy and discectomy is a procedure that is performed to alleviate nerve problems such as sciatica. This occurs as a result of the herniated disc impinging on the nerve root in the spinal canal.Disc replacement—the worn-out disc is replaced with an artificial metal or plastic disc in this technique.Spinal fusion-Two or more vertebrae are permanently joined and fused in a shattered spine during spinal fusion. It eliminates any natural movement between them after fusion.Laminectomy- The lamina (the rear arch of your spine) is removed during a laminectomy. The spinal canal is expanded and the spinal nerve root is decompressed in this procedure.Kyphoplasty - It is a procedure that is used to treat compression fractures in the spine. Compression fractures of the spine are particularly prevalent in osteoporotic spines.Lateral lumbar interfusion surgery- The outcome of this surgery will be comparable to that of spinal fusion surgery. Your surgeon will use a lateral approach to reach the vertebra and intervertebral disc in this case. This method has the benefit over others in that it allows access to the lumbar vertebrae without affecting the back muscle layers or nerve fibers. What are the spine problems treated by spine surgery?Any type of spinal problem, such as complex brain and spine tumors, as well as abnormalities caused by spinal curvatures, such as scoliosisdisorders related to discs degenerationInborn (congenital) spinal deformitySpinal stenosis Disc herniationSciaticaCompression of the nerves causes a variety of problems.Spinal tumor How long does it take to recover from spine surgery?))As suggested by a spine surgeon in India, the length of recuperation is determined by the patient's condition prior to surgery as well as the type of surgery. After spine surgery, it takes 3-4 weeks to fully recover. It could take many months in some difficult circumstances. For how long you should stay in the hospital after spine surgery?After spine surgery, you'll need to stay in the hospital for 4-6 days. We'll notify you of your release 24 to 48 hours before it happens, and we'll tell you if you'll be able to go home or whether you need rehabilitation or not. When can you resume your daily activities?We schedule a follow-up appointment 2 weeks after surgery to remove the sutures or staples. You can inquire with your surgeon about when you will be able to resume normal activities such as driving, exercising, and working. This may vary depending on the type of spine surgery you underwent and the patient's overall condition. Do you need rehabilitation therapy after spine surgery?Following surgery, some of our patients may require rehabilitation to improve their strength and mobility. If the doctors at Jupiter Hospital believe you might benefit from more intensive physical or occupational therapy, or if you would have difficulty caring for yourself safely at home, they will refer you to a rehabilitation facility.)) When a back pain can call for a medical emergency?When you are dealing with severe back pain, it might be a difficult call for you and your family as well, whether to seek medical help from a doctor’s office or in emergency treatment.It will be helpful for you if you know when to seek emergency treatment.Abdominal aortic aneurysm- continuous lower back pain may radiate to the front of your abdomen(belly), which can cause this serious medical condition.Acute trauma- due to sudden injuries from an accident, slip, while playing active sports.Spinal tumor- along with severe back pain, it may cause fever, chills, night sweats, sudden loss of motor function of the leg.Spinal infection- infections can travel to the spine from other parts of the body. It may cause fever, inflammation or redness around the area, sudden weight loss. Why should you consider getting spine surgery in India?As per the spine surgery doctor in India, for the following reasons, India is the most popular destination for orthopedic surgery treatment.India's cutting-edge technology, medical expertise, Affordable treatment costSuccess ratePost-surgical follow-upspost-surgery rehabilitation(if necessary) Our patients need high-quality and cost-effective health care that we can provide effectively in comparison to other countries around the globe. How can we help you out with spine surgery in India?If you are in search of spine surgery hospitals in India, we will guide you throughout your treatment journey and will be present physically with you even before your treatment is started. We will provide you with the following: Expert physicians and surgeon’s opinionsTransparent communicationCoordinated carePrior appointment with specialistsAssistance in hospital formalities24*7 availabilityArrangement for travelAssistance for accommodation and healthy recoveryAssistance in emergenciesWe are committed to providing the best health care services to our patients. We have a team of trained and highly dedicated health experts who will be there by your side right from the beginning of your journey.

By Hospals Team Apr 08, 2022

Can Cancer Symptoms appear suddenly?

When you read about cancer or learn that a friend or loved one has been diagnosed with cancer, too many questions come to mind. Could you have cancer? Can cancer symptoms arise unexpectedly? True, some cancers are discovered after symptoms appear. This might happen after the illness has progressed, or a tumor has developed large enough to be sensed or visible in imaging studies. However, many malignancies may be detected early, before symptoms appear. If your cancer is detected and treated early, you have the highest chance of survival and healthy quality of life. This article will look at which forms of cancer are more prone to go unnoticed and how to improve your chances of detecting dangerous tumors early. Cancers that go undetectedSome cancers are more accessible to identify than others. Certain kinds of skin cancer, for example, can be detected based only on the visual examination – albeit a sample is required to confirm the diagnosis. Other cancers, however, can start and grow undiagnosed for ten years or more, according to one research, making detection and treatment even more challenging. Difference between Symptomatic and Asymptomatic CancerCancer or other illness is considered asymptomatic when there are no visible symptoms. Most cancers are asymptomatic in the initial stages, so routine check-ups are critical. Cancers that show evident early symptoms are referred to as symptomatic cancers. These malignancies require an early diagnosis to be treated appropriately.While sudden or acute symptoms do not always signal cancer, the sooner you obtain a diagnosis, the sooner you can start treatment or have peace of mind knowing the reason for your symptoms is not cancer. When do the first indications and symptoms appear?Cancer signs and symptoms often develop when the malignant tumour or mass has gotten big enough to push against neighbouring organs and tissue, blood arteries, and nerves. This can result in discomfort, a change in the function of surrounding organs, or both. A brain tumour pushing against the optic nerve, for example, will impair vision.Some cancers, such as liver and pancreatic cancer, spread quickly. Prostate cancer, on the other hand, is often slow-moving. Many older men with prostate cancer refuse treatment; they are more likely to die. When should you see a doctor for cancer?Screenings for certain malignancies should be part of your routine preventative care. Cancers of the prostate, breast, cervix, colon, skin, and rectum are examples.Your age, gender, family history, and personal medical history will determine when and how frequently regular tests should begin and end.If you are concerned about symptoms connected with certain malignancies, you should consult your doctor. Signs that need immediate consultation with the doctorThe following are some frequent cancer symptoms that should prompt a visit to the emergency department or a doctor as soon as possible:coughing up bloody mucusblood in faeces or urinethe bulge in the breast, testicles, under the arm, or elsewhere it did not previously presentunexplained but considerable weight lossexcruciating, unexplainable pain in the head, neck, chest, abdomen, or pelvis These, as well as other indications and symptoms, will be assessed. If your doctor believes it is necessary, doctors will perform screenings such as blood and urine tests and imaging tests. Why is it better to detect cancer at an early stage?Survival rates for various cancers are high when they are routinely checked for. This is because they are frequently discovered early on before symptoms appear.However, detecting certain tumours early is challenging. Some malignancies have no routine screening standards, and symptoms may not appear until the malignancy is advanced. Summing It Up!If you're wondering if cancer symptoms might develop unexpectedly, there's no simple answer. Some cancers might be present for months or years before they are discovered. Some undiagnosed tumours are slow-growing, which provides doctors with a higher chance of successful therapy. Others are more severe and more difficult to treat.

By Hospals Team Apr 08, 2022

What Are The 7 Warning Signs Of Cancer?

With the advancement of medical research, medicine, and technology, people can now live longer even after cancer detection. The early check-ups and routine screening have given human beings the chance to beat cancer or live a better life despite the disease, primarily when the treatment becomes straightforward with early detection. Some of the symptoms that individual experiences can be viewed as warning signs, and they should immediately head to a doctor to get an opinion. Here are seven warning signs of cancer 1. Weight LossUnless you have been working towards reducing your weight, if there is a sudden weight loss within a short time, you should visit your doctor. Furthermore, if it is accompanied by weakness, it can signify early cancer or related ailment. 2. Bowel and Bladder Habit ChangeIf you have sudden loose motion or experience constipation regularly, it can be an onset of pancreatic, stomach, ovarian, or colon cancer. However, most give the warning signal as sudden changes in the bladder and bowel habits of the individual. 3. Unhealed Sores In case of an injury and you have a wound that fails to heal within the expected time can be an indicator of cancer. Moreover, if the sore or wound gets bigger with crusts and unusual-shaped border instead of healing, it can be an issue for concern. You should immediately visit the doctor if the wound has scabs or foul-smelling discharge. 4. Sudden BleedingWhile urinating or passing stools, if an individual experiences sudden and unusual bleeding regularly, it can signify intestine, bladder, or kidney cancer. Though urinal bleeding can be due to other reasons, like UTI or liver or kidney ailments, it is always better to get checked by the doctor so that medication can be started immediately. 5. Lump On The Breast If there is any unusual thickness or lump on the breast or any part of the body, it should be diagnosed immediately. At times the lump can contain fluid or blood and be painful. If left untreated, it can become cancerous. Hence, a regular check-up of the breast is a must. It can be done at home, must be made, and head to the doctor in case of any irregularities. 6. Continuous Indigestion You can experience indigestion for different reasons, but it is a persistent feature and difficulty in swallowing. In addition, it can be a sign of cancer. So even if there is a feeling of having a constant lump on the throat and it is accompanied by irregular bowel movement and indigestion, it needs to be investigated without delay. 7. Hoarse Throat With Nagging CoughIf you are experiencing prolonged cough with hoarse throat despite taking cough medicines, it can signify lung disease. However, it can also be a sign of lung cancer. It does not always have to be accompanied by shortness of breath, chest pain, fatigue, or weight loss. The early warning can be just a nagging cough. Apart from all these, if you are experiencing night sweats and extreme fever despite taking medication, get checked for cancer. Final WordsEarly detection of cancer can be cured, and it doesn’t have to be a fatal disease. One can live a happy and healthy life and recover from it with a range of medication and surgeries. Hence be aware of these signs and take care of yourself.

By Hospals Team Apr 08, 2022

7 Common Cancer Symptoms In Women

It has been reported that one of the leading causes of death in the world is due to cancer. In 2020 it killed 10 million people. In this, the most detected cancer is breast cancer, which mainly affects women. Since women’s bodies undergo a wide range of changes from menstrual cycle to menopause, feeling different at times can be normal. However, given the figures above, if your body is experiencing some new symptoms that make you uncomfortable or exhausted, you need to visit your doctor and get checked. There is no harm in getting early detection and preventing life-threatening diseases. Here are some of the early symptoms a woman can experience with cancer. 1. Change in breast and nipples There can be many reasons for having a lump in your breast, but you need to get checked to ensure it is not an onset of cancer. Some of the other indicators that can be linked to breast cancer are:A swollen breast Lump near the collarbone or armpit Bloody or clear discharge from the nipple Nipple suddenly pointing inward Dimpling of the breast skin Pain in the breast or/and nippleThe skin of the breast or nipple is red, itchy, or thick 2. Change In Bowel Movement While the change in bowel movement that seems like hemorrhoids, IBD, or IBS can often be a sign of colorectal cancer. At times it is easy for women to confuse these symptoms with premenstrual symptoms, so if you have any bowel change that is persistent for a few days, like:Constipation Diarrhoea Bloody, dark or thin stool Pain and cramps in the belly Fatigue Unexplained weightless It is time for a visit to the doctor. But, especially if you are over 45, it can be dangerous when there is an underlying condition like ulcerative colitis. 3. Constant Back, Belly, or Pelvic PainWomen can often confuse menstrual cramps and pain with a condition like endometriosis. So, if you are experiencing long-lasting pain and pressure in your belly, back, or pelvic region, it can signify different cancer, from pancreatic cancer to tumors on the spine. 4. BloatingIt is pretty standard for women to feel bloated before and during menstruation or after a big meal. But go to a doctor and get checked if you are visibly bloated for a few weeks. It can be a sign of ovarian cancer. 5. Changes In UrinationUrinary Tract Infection (UTI) can easily cause changes in your bladder habits. But it can lead to other complications if it goes unchecked for long, mainly if there is blood in the urine. There can be other symptoms that can indicate cancer of the kidney or bladder, like:Sudden and continuous pressure on the bladder Pain and/or burning sensation during urination The urge to urinate often Sudden urge to urinate Problem while emptying the bladder 6. Non-Menstrual Bleeding or DischargeIf there is spotting in-between the menstrual cycle accompanied by smelly discharge, it can signify cervical, endometrial, or vaginal cancer. It is hence crucial that you visit the doctor. 7. Changes In Skin After breast cancer, another cancer that often is a concern for women is skin cancer. Often what looks like a small mole can get bigger and is a result of skin cancer. Other symptoms can include a sore or a crusty red spot that doesn’t go away. In such cases, get it checked. Final Words Experiencing sudden pain, fatigue, and swollen body parts can be an early sign of cancer. Do not ignore them; instead, get checked and be assured you are cancer-free.

By Hospals Team Apr 08, 2022

Female Reproductive Cancer: Is Immunotherapy an Option?

Cancer that starts in the female reproductive organs and spreads throughout the body is female reproductive cancer or ovarian cancer. Ovarian cancer is frequently diagnosed after it has progressed to the pelvis and stomach, and ovarian cancer is more difficult to cure and can be deadly at this stage. In the early stages of ovarian cancer, there are generally no symptoms. Symptoms, such as lack of appetite and weight loss, are connected with later phases, but they might be non-specific. The treatment of disease by stimulating or inhibiting the immune system is known as Immunotherapy or biological therapy. Immunotherapies that elicit or magnify an immunological response are called activation immunotherapies, whereas those that diminish or suppress the immune response are called suppression immunotherapies. Immunotherapy has piqued the interest of academics, doctors, and pharmaceutical corporations in recent years, owing to its potential to treat a variety of cancers. As a result, the standard of cancer care is evolving, as is the complexity of patient care management. Ovarian CancerOvarian cancer is diagnosed in more than three hundred thousand people worldwide each year, with 180,000 fatalities. Ovarian cancer is projected to be diagnosed in around 21,000 persons in the United States in 2021. It causes the death of most of that number, making it the top cause of death from gynecologic cancer. While there have been substantial advancements in chemo-based medicine and surgical therapies for ovarian cancer, the survival rate has not increased a lot. Patients with ovarian cancer at a further stage have a dismal prognosis due to late detection and a lack of proper treatment for patients that recur. Chemotherapy helps many women with advanced ovarian cancer, although the effects are usually short-lived. Treatment Options for Ovarian CancerThere are several options for ovarian cancer treatment. They are :Surgery is followed by routine chemotherapy. In more than 50% of the patients, this course of therapy results in complete response. On normal blood tests and imaging scans, a complete response indicates no apparent indication of illness. After completing upfront chemotherapy, some patients might qualify for maintenance therapy with drugs of a new class known as PARP inhibitors. PARP inhibitors have proved to have delayed and prevented relapse of the disease in some patients, particularly in tumours that carry mutations in the BRCA2 and BRCA1 genes. Immunotherapy Treatment for Ovarian CancerImmunotherapy is a type of cancer treatment that uses the system of immunity in the patient’s body to help eliminate cancer cells. The FDA has authorised three immunotherapy treatments. They are as follows :Targeted Antibodies Bevacizumab (Avastin®): an antibody of the monoclonal kind that suppresses tumour blood vessel development by targeting the VEGFR/VEGF pathway; authorised for patients diagnosed recently and recurrent cancer in the ovary.ImmunomodulatorsDostarlimab (Jemperli) is an inhibitor of a checkpoint that targets the PD-L1/PD-1 pathway and has been authorised for people with ovarian cancer of the advanced kind who have mismatch repair failure in DNA. Pembrolizumab is an inhibitor of a checkpoint that targets the PD-L1/PD-1 pathway and has been authorised for people with ovarian cancer of the advanced kind who have high microsatellite instability (MSI-H), mismatch repair failure in DNA, or a high tumour mutational load (TMB-H)Clinical trials are often unnecessary for patients with first stage malignancies (survival rates of higher than 95% following complete surgery). Patients with platinum-resistant, recurrent ovarian cancer might consider participating in clinical trials for Immunotherapy. All-in-all!In conclusion, Immunotherapy has emerged as a viable treatment therapy for curing Ovarian Cancer, and it might become a much more popular method for treating Ovarian Cancer in the future.

By Hospals Team Apr 08, 2022

All About an Oncology Test

In order to understand what oncology testing is, we need to discuss what is oncology?In medicine, the research that identifies and treats cancer is oncology, and the physician who diagnoses and provides cancer treatment is known as the oncologist. Oncologists are the primary healthcare physician for cancer patient who designs treatment plan. They also offer supportive care and even coordinate with other specialists for the treatment. Tests In OncologySince oncologists are responsible for the cancer diagnosis, they recommend tests to ascertain that the patients experiencing are due to cancer. These tests can include• Biopsy • X-ray• CT scanning • MRI • PET scanning • Ultrasound• Mammograms• Bone scan • Prostate-specific antigen test• Pap test• Endoscopy procedures can also be used, which can include - Colonoscopy- Bronchoscopy - Cystoscopy - Laryngoscopy - Laparoscopy- Upper Endoscopy - Mediastinoscopy - Thoracoscopy At times nuclear medicines are also used for the diagnosis of cancer. It can be blood tests and tumor markers. What's After The Test? Typically once the diagnosis is made, and with the help of the oncology testing, it is established that the patient has cancer. Then the stage of the disease is discussed with the patient and the family. Then, based on the stage of cancer, the treatment is determined. For instance, chemotherapy, which destroys the cancer cells, and radiation therapy, can be used in some cases. If a patient is suffering from a cancerous tumor, surgery is done to remove it. At times hormone therapy can also be used to treat certain cancers. In the last few years, monoclonal antibody treatment has been used and gaining popularity. In oncology, palliative care is also highly in demand as it helps with the pain and other cancer symptoms. How Is The Treatment Done?While with the oncology test, the type of cancer and the stage are determined, the patient's treatment is typically done by the oncologist and a team of doctors. Generally, the group comprises two or three types of oncologists, a surgeon, radiologists, an oncology nurse, and other physicians.If there is a difficult-to-treat case, the team often consults another board of experts from relevant disciplines. They typically review the case and then recommend a course of treatment that is best for the patient. Within oncology, the other specialization that is often in demand is pediatric oncologists. They are responsible for treating children, and the treatment is quite different from adult oncology. For example, the treatment may require stem cell transplant and immunotherapy in pediatric oncology apart from surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy. Also, pediatric oncologists can be required to treat neuroblastoma, lymphocytic leukemia, brain, central, and other nervous system tumors within their realm of treatment. Final WordsDepending on the illness and the symptoms, a physician can recommend the oncology tests and then refer to an oncologist. Once the cancer is determined through the oncology tests, the oncologists will help you overcome the issue and answer the questions that often plague a patient and family in such a situation. They will also direct the patient and family to resources that can prove supportive and advise about the side effects of the treatments.

By Hospals Team Apr 08, 2022

A Small Guide to Check Cancer

It's essential to be aware of the potential indicators of cancer, regardless of your age or health. They are insufficient to identify the condition on their own. However, they can serve as indicators for you and your doctor to identify and address the problem as soon as feasible. Treatment works best early on when a tumour is tiny and hasn't spread. The signs and symptoms might not necessarily indicate cancer, and various common disorders might cause you to feel this way. It is critical to see your doctor so that they can examine your health and take appropriate action. Now before we talk about some common signs and symptoms of cancer, let's look into what cancer is. What is Cancer?Humans are composed of trillions of cells that grow and divide as needed during your life. Cells usually perish when they become aberrant or aged. Cancer develops whenever something turns out badly in this process, and our cells continue to produce new cells; however, the old or aberrant ones do not die as they should. Cancer cells can push out normal cells when they expand out of control, making it difficult for our bodies to function normally. Doctors can effectively treat cancer in many cases. In reality, more individuals than ever before are living lives following cancer treatment. Signs and SymptomsMost people with cancer do not have any symptoms or indications specific to the disease. Unfortunately, any cancer complaint or symptom might also be explained by a non-cancerous illness. Some cancers are more common in particular age groups. However, if specific symptoms arise or continue, you should consult a doctor for further assessment. The following are some of the most prevalent cancer symptoms: PainBone cancer is frequently painful, and some brain tumours induce days-long headaches that do not improve with therapy. Pain can also be a late indicator of cancer, so consult a doctor if you're unsure why it's happening or if it doesn't go away. Weight reduction without effortAlmost 50% of cancer patients lose weight, and it's frequently one of the first indicators they notice. TirednessTell your doctor if you're constantly fatigued, and resting doesn't help. You may have fatigue due to leukaemia, or you may experience blood loss due to colon or stomach cancer, and Cancer-related weight loss might also fatigue you. FeverCheck with your doctor if a fever is severe or lasts more than three days. Some blood malignancies, such as lymphoma, generate a fever that lasts for days or even weeks. Changes in your skin's appearanceHave your doctor examine any strange or new moles, lumps, or markings on your body to rule out skin cancer. Your skin can also reveal signs of other types of cancer. It might indicate ovarian cancer, kidney cancer or liver cancer or lymphoma if it has darkened, appears yellow or red, itches, or grows more hair, or if you have an inexplicable rash. Wounds that do not healSpots that bleed and refuse to go away are also indicators of skin cancer. Oral cancer can begin with sores in the mouth. Coughing or hoarseness that won't go awayCoughing is one of the symptoms of lung cancer, and hoarseness might indicate cancer of the voice box (larynx) or thyroid gland. Unusual bruisingCancer can cause blood to appear in places it shouldn't. Blood in your faeces shows that you have colon or rectal cancer. Tumours in the urinary system can also cause blood in the urine. AnaemiaWhen your body lacks sufficient red blood cells produced in the bone marrow, cancers such as leukaemia, lymphoma, and multiple myeloma can harm your bone marrow. Tumours that have migrated from other locations may crowd out normal red blood cells. The Final WordsThis article gives you an overview of a few common symptoms that you can look for to know if you have cancer. Besides that, it is always better to have information about these things to help you stay healthy and consult a doctor before things get worse.

By Hospals Team Apr 08, 2022

Lung carcinoid tumours vs. common Lung cancers

Lung cancers refers to cancer that develops in the lungs and causes primarily due to excessive smoking. It is a prevalent disease and occurs in around a million people every year only in India. There are different types of lung cancers present, out of which some frequently occur while some are quite rare. In this writing, we will speak about some rare and common lung cancers and discuss their symptoms, treatment, and causes. So, keep reading! Lung carcinoid tumoursA lung carcinoid tumour refers to a cancerous tumour that is created by neuroendocrine cells. It is a very rare type of lung tumour since only 1% to 2% of lung cancers are treated as carcinoid tumours. It is a very slow-growing cancer and can cause carcinoid tumours. Common Lung CancersThe most common type of lung cancer is Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer NSCLC. It affects both smokers and non-smokers and only receives more than a million cases per year in India. The cancer is not always limited to the lungs, and through the process of metastasis, the non-small lung cancer can spread out to other areas of the lungs, the brain, lymph nodes, liver, etc. Lung carcinoid tumours vs common lung cancers TopicLung carcinoid tumorNSCLC TypesThere are two types, typical and atypical.There are three types, squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, and large cell carcinoma.CausesThe definite cause of lung carcinoid tumours is still a mystery. As per researchers, they are not caused due to smoking or other chemicals and pollutants. However, they predominantly develop in whites than in other races, and the latter are more prone to develop a lung carcinoid tumour among men and women. Another factor that increases the risk of having this tumour is an inherited syndrome known as Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1.Tobacco smoking, Marijuana smoking, or electronic cigarettes increase the risk of developing NSCLC. Regular exposure to smoke of tobacco also increases the risk. People working with asbestos often tend to breathe the asbestos fibres, which contain dangerous elements, expanding the development of NSCLC. Air pollution and radon are also some of the causes of NSCLC. However, apart from these causes, if someone has a genetic predisposition to lung cancer, they will have a greater chance of developing NSCLC even if they don't associate themselves with the aforementioned causes.SymptomsThey don't show a lot of symptoms. For around 25% of people, the tumour is caught when they take tests for other diseases. However, sometimes it causes symptoms such as coughing blood, wheezing, shortness of breath, and chest pain.In some cases, people diagnosed with NSCLC do not show any signs or symptoms related to the disease. Some common NSCLC symptoms are fatigue, shortness of breath, loss of appetite, hoarseness, coughing up blood, and weight gain.TreatmentsSurgery is sometimes followed by chemotherapy and radiation if the tumour is operable. If surgery is not an option, the diagnosed individual can receive targeted therapy or participate in a clinical trial.The treatment of NSCLC mainly comprises five ways which are surgery, immunotherapy, targeted therapy, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. If the cancer is in an operable condition, then the initial choice of the doctors and oncologists associated with the case is surgery, sometimes followed by chemotherapy. However, if it is inoperable due to its location and stage, the only options are targeted therapy, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and immunotherapy. Each of them has specific amounts of side effects but tends to show positive results in most cases. ConclusionIn conclusion, both cancers are equally dangerous to human health, and if not treated at the right time, they may result in severe problems or even death. Therefore, always make sure to take proper care of your health and maintain a healthy lifestyle.

By Hospals Team Apr 07, 2022

Best Treatment For Breast Cancer In India

The number of cases is continuously increasing, with Breast cancer is projected to strike 1 in every 28 women at some point in their lives. Breast cancer will be the leading cause of mortality among Indian women by 2030, outnumbering all other diseases. In the United States, 1 out of 3 women is affected. The different alarming reality is that, according to a clinical evaluation published in 2021, breast cancer is now the most frequent malignancy in women under 39. Every woman has a probability of getting breast cancer at some point in her life. With roughly 77% of women over the age of 50 at the time of diagnosis, the risk increases with age. Suppose there are first- or second-degree relatives with breast cancer, the risk increases. However, only around 5-10% of breast cancers are caused by family history. Breast cancer is now no longer a death sentence, especially with early detection technologies available; however, any tumor in the breast should never be overlooked. The better the therapy options and the outcome are, the earlier the condition is detected. Breast Cancer and How Does It Affect You?Breast cancer develops when cells in the breast area begin to grow uncontrollably, resulting in the formation of a tumor. This is a deadly tumor illness in which cancer enlarges into adjacent tissue cells or spreads to other body sections. The growth of female breasts does not begin until puberty. On the other hand, the breasts appear to be responding to the increased levels of estrogen and progesterone in the human body at this level. Puberty also marks the start of the maturation of the breast ducts and milk glands. Breast cancer is of mostly two types:Lobular carcinoma is a genre of cancer that begins in the lobules.Ductal carcinoma is another type of cancer that starts in the ducts and spreads throughout the body. Furthermore, it is the most frequent type of cancer in women worldwide. Treatment advancements can detect early indicators of the disease, allowing it to be cured more effectively. Why Should You Seek Treatment for Breast Cancer in India?To begin with, the cost of breast cancer treatment in India is affordable for international patients seeking medical assistance in the country. Second, being a rapidly expanding medical hotspot worldwide, India provides high-end services at a reasonable cost. In addition, the breast's functions include producing, storing, and releasing milk to lactate the newborn. It contains carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins, giving the infant baby nutritious sustenance. Micronutrients are also necessary. These are critical for a child's development and nutrition. After you've got your breast cancer treatment in India, the following step is to monitor your status to prevent cancer cells from returning. Similarly, you may be required to attend follow-up therapy regularly for a check-up to ensure that your condition is stable based on the results. During these appointments, your breast cancer symptoms will be evaluated, and a physical examination will be performed to rule out any pre-detection. In India, the cost of breast cancer treatment is relatively high:India's most effective breast cancer treatment is affordable and appropriate for people. Meanwhile, take advantage of five-star accommodations at a reduced cost. In Indian currency, the price ranges from 10 to 20 lakhs. The following is the approximate expense:In India, the minimal fee for breast cancer treatment is INR 86,000In India, the average cost of breast cancer treatment is INR 7,00,000.The maximum charge for breast cancer treatment is INR 16,50,000 in the Indian medical system. The charges of Breast Cancer Treatment in India, on the other hand, may vary depending on a few factors:Entrance feeThe cost of an oncologistThe patient's ageBreast cancer's seriousnessThe patient's medical conditionThe type of breast cancer treatment that will be carried outComplications that occur after the procedureThe hospital's typeThe admissions room you selectedAny more lab or examination tests, such as X-rays, ECGs, and so on. The cost of Breast Cancer Treatment in USD starts from USD 1300 to USD 23,500, while the same treatment in the United States costs roughly USD 1,25,000. Furthermore, as the treatment progresses, the cost is separated into many pieces, which include: Chemotherapy, Surgery, Biopsy, or PET scan:Treatment for breast cancer is determined by the type and number of cancer cells spread throughout the body. Similarly, breast cancer therapies can include a variety of methods:Chemotherapy: It is used to kill cancer cells that have spread too far.Radiation Therapy: This treatment is used to break up malignant tissue. High-energy X-rays are used in radiation therapy to break down cancer cells and shrink tumors.Surgery: The malignant tissue is removed through surgery. It entails the removal of the breast lump from neighboring structures after it has been completed.Hormonal Therapy: Hormonal therapy blocks a few hormones that cause cancer in women with ER-positive breast cancer. There are the best hospitals in India for breast cancer treatment alternatives for our patients. Breast cancer specialists specialize in surgery, radiation treatment, chemotherapy, and hormonal therapy. Conclusion:Breast Cancer Treatment is determined by how effectively your body responds to treatment and how you change your lifestyle. About 60 to 95% of women diagnosed with breast cancer benefit from cancer rehabilitation. This includes physical therapy, therapies, and other treatments to ensure that you recover quickly and return to your pre-breast cancer life. However, you must provide plenty of time to adjust to the changes and take the necessary actions that life throws at you following breast cancer.